Grass Types & Selection

Our entire service footprint lies in what is known as the Southern Zone for turf grass. Warm season grasses are best suited for our climate since it is warm here for the majority of the year. These grasses prefer soil temperatures of seventy five degrees or higher. When temperatures get below this level, warm season grasses growth slows. During the winter period these turfs enter a dormant growth phase where the top growth halts and the lawns appear brown in color. When warmer temperatures return in the spring, new growth ensues and the lawns will again turn green. We commonly encounter five warm season grasses in our area. These grass types are listed in the order of relevance in our market.

lawn slide

St. Augustine

Native Habitat: Gulf of Mexico
Growth Habit: Spreads aggressively by long, thick stolons.
ID Features: Wide grass blades with “boat shaped tip.” Seed head is a thick spike that resembles asparagus. Stolon has opposite growth habit.
Cultural: Very coarse textured turf. Shade tolerant. Prefers 3.5 inch mowing height or higher.
Concerns: Produces heavy thatch. Seeds are not viable. Poor low temperature tolerance. High Crown.

 St. Augustine


Native Habitat: China and Southeast Asia
Growth Habit: Spreads by short, flat, leafy stolons.
ID Features: Blades short, flattened, with strong mid vein. Seed head is a slender spike. Stolon has alternate growth habit.
Cultural: Low growing, medium textured turf. Tolerates light shade but prefers full sun. 1.5 to 2 inch mowing height.
Concerns: Slow growing. Has a high iron requirement. Poor low temperature tolerance( winter kill ). Poor wear tolerance. Lacks deep green coloration when healthy.



Native Habitat: China, Japan, and Southeast Asia
Growth Habit: Spreads by stolons and rhizomes
ID Features: Blades are short and sharp pointed with thatch that creates a cushion like feel. Stolon has an alternate growth habit.
Cultural: Dense, tough turf tolerates light shade but prefers full sun. Good heat, drought, and cold weather tolerance. Prefers 1.5 to 2 inch mowing height.
Concerns: Slow to establish. Slow to green in spring and enters dormant period earlier than other grasses. Damage causes divot like appearance in early stages of recovery.



Native Habitat: Africa
Growth Habit: Spreads by stolons and rhizomes
ID Features: Blades short and narrow. Seed head has three to five spikes that looks like a pinwheel.
Cultural: Dense, medium, to fine texture. Full sun requirement. Excellent heat and tolerance. Prefers 1 to 2 inch mowing height or lower. Establishes quickly and handles traffic well.
Concerns: Poor low temperature and shade tolerance. Explosive growth can make this grass invasive.



Native Habitat: South America
Growth Habit: Spreads slowly by strong elongated rhizomes.
ID Features: Wide blade with hairy margins. Seed head has two to three spokes often resembling a peace sign.
Cultural: Coarse textured, tough turf. Tolerates partial shade, prefers sun. Prefers 2 to 3 inch mowing height. Good drought and wear tolerance.
Concerns: Requires routine overseeding to maintain turf density. Pensacola variety has tall unsightly seed stalks.


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